The Hitachi HD44780 is a handy LCD display which can be easily interfaced to a microcontroller in either 8 bit mode or 4 bit mode depending on the number of microcontroller pins you have to spare. The LCD only displays a text output however this is a user interface for tasks such as getting information about battery power or distance to an object.
The LCD is usually interfaced via 16 pins which are labelled as shown below:
These tutorials are based on an 1997 article from "Everyday Practical Electronics" by Julyan llett and I highly recommend you read through these two short articles as they are very clear and easy to follow.
The tutorial will now use the circuit from the first article above to go through some the commands and entering text into the LCD display.